Professor Fassil Assefa is currently Professor of Microbiology at the Department of Microbial, Cellular and Molecular Biology, Addis Ababa University (AAU). He received his PhD in Soil Microbiology from the University of Bayreuth, Germany (1993). He has served AAU as Associate Dean of Students of the Faculty of Science and Head of the Department of Microbial, Cellular and Molecular Biology. Professor Fassil has been Vice- President and President of the Biological Society of Ethiopia, and is currently Associate Editor of the Journal of Biological Sciences. He is a recipient of several research awards and served as PI and CO-PI of regional and international programs such as East African Biotechnology and Bio-safety Initiative (Bio-EARN) and Healthy Seedling Production in Eastern Africa, with collaborators from Eastern African countries, and of projects from Sweden, Finland, and Austria. He has published more than 70 papers in peer-reviewed journals in the field of Plant Microbiology, Microbial Ecology, and Waste management.